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Impact of a Jet Apparatus (SMT-FM-06)
Compact size, easy to use and handle.
Investigation of jet forces and demonstration of
the principle of linear momentum.
Tank made of transparent material for
observing the experiments.
Nozzle for generating the water jet.
Jet force can be adjusted via flow rate.
Four different shaped deflectors: flat surface,
oblique surface, semi-circular surface, conical
Measurement of the jet forces via the weight
Flow rate determined by SMT-FM-100 base
Water supply using SMT-FM-100 base module
or via laboratory supply.
An impact of jet apparatus is used to investigate the reaction force produced by the impact
of a jet of water on to various target vanes. This type of impact forces of water is used to
drive the turbines. In SMT-FM-06 jet forces are generated and studied with the aid of a water
jet that acts on and is diverted by an interchangeable deflector. The experimental unit
includes a transparent PPI tank, a nozzle, four PVC interchangeable deflectors with different
deflection angles and a weight-loaded scale. The force of the water jet is adjusted via the flow
rate. Experiments study the influence of flow velocity and flow rate as well as of different
deflection angles. The jet forces generated by the water jet are measured on the weightloaded
scale. The forces are calculated using the momentum equation and compared with
The equipment requires a Hydraulics Bench (SMT-FM-100) as the source of water supply.