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Losses in Pipe Friction Apparatus (SMT-FM-08)
Direct measurement of the pipe friction in laminar or
Transparent tank with overflow ensures constant water
inlet pressure in the pipe section for experiments with
For experiments with turbulent flow rate adjustment via
Shows the critical Reynolds Number and verifies
Poiseuille’s Equation for laminar flow
Twin tube manometers for measurements in laminar flow.
Twin tube manometer for measurements in turbulent
Flow rate determined by SMT-FM-100 base module.
Water supply using SMT-FM-100 base module or via
This ESOLS Pipe Friction Apparatus allows students to study the change in the laws of
resistance for laminar to turbulent flow and find the critical Reynolds number. As we know
during flow through pipes, pressure losses occur due to internal friction and friction between
the fluid and the wall. When calculating pressure losses, we need to know the friction factor,
a dimensionless number. The friction factor is determined with the aid of the Reynolds
number, which describes the ratio of inertia forces to friction forces. SMT-FM-08 enables the
study of the relationship between pressure loss due to fluid friction and velocity in the pipe
flow. Additionally, the pipe friction factor is determined.